PM Narendra Modi

Personal Details:

  • Full Name: Narendra Damodardas Modi
  • Date of Birth: September 17, 1950
  • Place of Birth: Vadnagar, Mehsana district, Gujarat, India
  • Parents: Damodardas Mulchand Modi and Heeraben Modi
  • Education: Narendra Modi completed his schooling in Vadnagar. He holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from the School of Open Learning at the University of Delhi and a Master of Arts degree in Political Science from Gujarat University.

Early Life:

Narendra Modi was born into a lower-middle-class family and helped his father sell tea at a railway station. Later, he and his brother ran a tea stall near a bus terminal. His early life was marked by simplicity and hardship, which influenced his political career and leadership style.

Early Political Career:

  • RSS Involvement: Modi joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) at a young age and worked as a pracharak (campaigner). His involvement with the RSS laid the foundation for his political career and ideological leanings.
  • BJP Involvement: In 1985, Modi joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and held various organizational positions within the party. He was known for his strong organizational skills and strategic thinking.

Chief Minister of Gujarat:

  • Tenure: Modi served as the Chief Minister of Gujarat from October 7, 2001, to May 22, 2014.
  • Development Initiatives: Modi’s tenure as Chief Minister saw significant economic growth, infrastructure development, and industrialization in Gujarat. He emphasized improving the state’s electricity supply, water management, and transportation infrastructure.
  • 2002 Gujarat Riots: His tenure was controversial due to the 2002 Gujarat riots, which resulted in significant communal violence. Modi faced criticism and legal scrutiny over his handling of the riots but was later cleared of complicity by the Supreme Court of India in 2012.

Prime Minister of India:

First Term (2014-2019):

  • Election Victory: Modi led the BJP to a landslide victory in the 2014 general elections, winning 282 seats in the Lok Sabha.
  • Key Initiatives:
    • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: A nationwide cleanliness campaign aimed at improving sanitation and eliminating open defecation.
    • Make in India: An initiative to encourage manufacturing in India and attract foreign investment.
    • Digital India: A program to enhance digital infrastructure and connectivity.
    • Jan Dhan Yojana: A financial inclusion scheme to provide bank accounts to the unbanked population.
  • Economic Reforms: Introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and demonetization of high-denomination currency notes to combat black money and corruption.

Second Term (2019-Present):

  • Election Victory: Modi was re-elected with an even larger mandate in the 2019 general elections, with the BJP securing 303 seats.
  • Key Initiatives:
    • Revocation of Article 370: The special status of Jammu and Kashmir was revoked, integrating the region more closely with the rest of India.
    • Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA): A controversial law that provides a path to citizenship for non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan.
    • Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN): A scheme providing direct income support to farmers.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic: Modi’s government implemented nationwide lockdowns, launched a massive vaccination drive, and provided economic relief packages to manage the pandemic’s impact.
  • Foreign Policy: Strengthening relations with major global powers, neighboring countries, and participating in regional and international organizations.

Personal Attributes:

  • Oratory Skills: Modi is known for his compelling oratory and ability to connect with diverse audiences. His speeches often emphasize nationalism, development, and economic progress.
  • Social Media Presence: Modi has a significant presence on social media platforms, using them effectively to communicate with the public and promote government initiatives.
  • Lifestyle: Known for his disciplined lifestyle, Modi practices early rising, yoga, and maintains a vegetarian diet. He abstains from alcohol and meat.

Awards and Recognition:

  • Global Recognition: Modi has received various international awards and honors for his leadership and contributions to India’s development and global diplomacy.

Criticism and Controversies:

  • Authoritarian Tendencies: Critics have accused Modi of exhibiting authoritarian tendencies, suppressing dissent, and undermining democratic institutions.
  • Economic Challenges: Despite economic reforms, challenges such as unemployment, economic slowdown, and income inequality persist.
  • Social Policies: Policies like the CAA and handling of communal tensions have sparked significant controversy and protests, raising concerns about religious and social harmony.


Narendra Modi is a transformative figure in Indian politics, known for his strong leadership and focus on development. His tenure as Prime Minister has seen significant policy changes and initiatives aimed at transforming India’s socio-economic landscape. However, his administration has also faced criticism and controversies, reflecting the complex nature of his political journey and leadership.

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