Akhilesh Yadav

Personal Details:

  • Full Name: Akhilesh Yadav
  • Date of Birth: July 1, 1973
  • Place of Birth: Saifai, Etawah district, Uttar Pradesh, India
  • Parents: Mulayam Singh Yadav (former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and founder of the Samajwadi Party) and Malti Devi
  • Spouse: Dimple Yadav
  • Children: Three
  • Education:
    • Early Education: Attended Dholpur Military School, Rajasthan
    • Higher Education: Completed a Bachelor’s degree in Civil Environmental Engineering from Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering (SJCE), Mysore. Obtained a Master’s degree in Environmental Engineering from the University of Sydney, Australia.

Early Life:

Akhilesh Yadav was born into a prominent political family in Uttar Pradesh. His father, Mulayam Singh Yadav, was a significant political figure and founder of the Samajwadi Party (SP). Growing up in a politically active environment, Akhilesh was exposed to the intricacies of politics from a young age.

Political Career:

Entry into Politics:

  • Joining Samajwadi Party: Akhilesh Yadav formally entered politics in 2000 by joining the Samajwadi Party, which was founded by his father, Mulayam Singh Yadav.
  • Electoral Debut: He was elected to the Lok Sabha from the Kannauj constituency in a by-election in 2000 and subsequently re-elected in 2004 and 2009.

Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh:

  • Tenure: Akhilesh Yadav served as the 20th Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from March 15, 2012, to March 19, 2017.
  • Youngest Chief Minister: At the age of 38, he became the youngest Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Key Initiatives and Achievements:
    • Infrastructure Development: His tenure saw significant infrastructure development, including the Agra-Lucknow Expressway, the Lucknow Metro, and the Janeshwar Mishra Park in Lucknow.
    • Education and Health: Focused on improving the education system and healthcare facilities in the state. Initiated programs for distributing free laptops to students and improving rural healthcare services.
    • Urban Development: Launched the ‘Samajwadi Pension Scheme’ and worked on urban development projects to modernize cities in Uttar Pradesh.
    • Social Welfare: Implemented various social welfare schemes aimed at improving the living standards of the poor and marginalized communities.

Leadership of the Samajwadi Party:

  • Party President: Akhilesh Yadav was appointed the National President of the Samajwadi Party in January 2017, succeeding his father, Mulayam Singh Yadav, after a family feud and internal party conflict.
  • 2017 Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections: Under his leadership, the SP formed an alliance with the Indian National Congress for the 2017 state elections but faced a significant defeat, with the BJP winning a large majority.
  • 2022 Uttar Pradesh Assembly Elections: Akhilesh Yadav led the SP in the 2022 state elections, significantly improving the party’s performance compared to 2017, though they were unable to unseat the BJP from power.

Personal Attributes and Public Perception:

  • Public Speaking: Known for his effective communication skills and ability to connect with the youth and rural electorate through his speeches and public appearances.
  • Tech-Savvy: Akhilesh has embraced technology and social media to engage with the public and promote his party’s initiatives and policies.
  • Political Strategy: His tenure as Chief Minister was marked by efforts to modernize the state and improve its infrastructure, education, and healthcare systems. However, he has also faced criticism for the law and order situation and handling of various social issues during his tenure.

Recent Developments:

  • Opposition Leader: Akhilesh Yadav continues to play a vital role as the leader of the opposition in Uttar Pradesh, actively criticizing the policies and governance of the ruling BJP government.
  • Political Alliances: He has been working on building alliances with other regional and national parties to strengthen the opposition against the BJP, both at the state and national levels.
  • Social Issues: Akhilesh remains vocal on various social issues, including farmers’ rights, unemployment, and caste-based discrimination, advocating for inclusive development and social justice.


Akhilesh Yadav is a prominent political leader in India, particularly in Uttar Pradesh, where he has made significant contributions as a young Chief Minister focused on development and modernization. As the National President of the Samajwadi Party, he continues to influence Indian politics with his vision for a progressive and inclusive society. Despite facing electoral setbacks and internal party conflicts, his leadership remains crucial in shaping the political landscape of Uttar Pradesh and India.

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